Many people brought to North America as slaves, specifically those from North Africa, are Muslims.
“It has been estimated that somewhere between 10 and 30 percent of the slaves brought to America between 1711 and 1808 were Muslim” (African Religion in America).


The Yamasee War occurs in southern Carolina, which came close to exterminating white settlements in their region.


Jesuit explorer Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix recorded effeminacy and widespread of same-sex relationships among the “Indian” tribes in what is now Louisiana. 


A large Slave uprising happens near the Stono river in Charleston, Sc resulting in the death of 60 people


 In the 1752 census, 147 “Indian” slaves — 87 females and 60 males — are listed as living in French households in what will later be called Illinois.


An Indian slave trader sends a letter to South Carolina Governor J. Glenn asking for permission to use one group of Indians to fight another: “We want no pay, only what we can take and plunder, and what slaves we take to be our own.”


The Seven Years’ War between the British and the French begins, with Native American alliances aiding the French.


The Scalp Act puts a bounty on the scalps of Indian men, women and boys.

In his draft of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, Thomas Jefferson writes, “Neither Pagan nor Mahamedan nor Jew ought to be excluded from the civil rights of the Commonwealth because of his religion.”  However, this declaration of inclusivity is amended out of the bill before it is passed.
While Americans celebrate
Independence from the British, The Spanish celebrate the founding of San Francisco


A group of Spaniards, afro-latinos, indigenous peoples, and mestizos setting out from colonial-era Mexico traveled to California and founded in Los Angeles


Slavery is made illegal in the Northwest Territory. The U.S Constitution states that Congress may not ban the slave trade until 1808


ELi Whitney's cotton gin increases the need for slavery in the south